Whether you are a veteran business owner, have recently begun your own venture, or are still in the dreaming stages, you have invariably spent many hours thinking about and envisioning your organization. While it is always exciting to try to realize your dream in your mind and to project that image into your future, the realization that barriers, stumbling blocks, and necessary “to-do’s” exist. These subjects range from broad to very specific, and can include questions such as:
- Who is my ideal client?
- What would be a good name for my organization?
- What is my unique selling proposition (USP)?
- How will I balance my work life with my personal life?
- How big do I want this business to be?
- Do I have the necessary resources? If not, where can I get them? If so, how do I most effectively utilize them?
The list goes on for pages and pages; indeed, there are numerous resources that outline these very details, and putting some time into exploring these ideas is always a smart move. For some specific ideas, check out some of the free articles on offer by MEG Enterprises.
The reasoning behind developing a business plan for businesses of all sizes can vary, but business plans are most often created for two primary reasons: as a management & planning tool, and to acquire funding for operational business needs.
Management & Planning Tool
If you are like many other small business owners, you are not only the owner of the company, you are likely also actively involved in the day-to-day operations as the President/CEO, the marketing department, the IT department, the HR department…the list goes on and on! One of the most important things to remember in trying to bring all of this together into a cohesive and efficient package is that planning is vital!
Many small businesses take a “fly by the seat of your pants” approach to operating their businesses. For example, let’s say that an excellent business opportunity arose for you, an opportunity that would net your business $5,000 over the next 3 months. However, in order to take advantage of this opportunity, you need an initial cash outlay of $1,000. Do you have the resources necessary to take advantage of this opportunity? If your answer is no, you may have been able to easily accomplish this goal by planning for such expenses in advance through a business plan. Even if having cash at the ready is not a viable alternative for you, you may have planned to have a line of credit available for such opportunities, knowing that in your field these opportunities do arise from time to time.
In a more broad sense, business planning helps businesses of all sizes to deal with the day-to-day needs of the organization by forcing the owner to weed through the operations of a typical work day. Business planning will assist you in understanding how to effectively market your business, how to understand and plan for financial stability both now and in the future, how to carry out your daily operations with a necessary level of routine, and so forth. Moreover, while unpredictable issues will certainly always arise, effective business planning will not only help you to navigate the predictable operations, but will also take these unpredictable situations into account. This will help you to deal with these issues with a level of comfort and ease, knowing that you have thought through and planned for such events.
In essence, here is a great way to think of superior business planning. Imagine you are taking a road trip from California to New York. No planning (“flying by the seat of your pants”) would involve you getting in the car and driving “East” on every freeway you come across. Adequate planning would involve mapping out your course, planning where to stay overnight, where to eat, sights to see, and so forth. This is a much better plan indeed. However, a superior plan would take all of these ideas to the next level by planning for “what if”: what will I do if I get a flat tire, if I run out of gas, if someone gets sick, or if I lose my wallet? You can see how the superior plan is clearly the best in most situations in that it allows for flexibility, plans for the expected and the unexpected, and allows you to spend more time enjoying the trip, knowing that you have all of your bases covered.
HELP…I Need Cash! (AKA Creating a Business Plan to Acquire Funding)
Another reason to create a business plan is to acquire funding. In today’s struggling economy, having access to cash as a small business is vital. In developing plans for this reason, a much more specific approach is taken. Here, the plan is created with a specific reader in mind: the lender. Whether seeking funds from a bank, an angel investor, or so forth, knowing your audience is vital.
How do you create an effective business plan in this situation? Well, simply stated, place yourself in the shoes of the person lending the money. What would you as the lender want to read in a plan? First and foremost, these individuals want to see that you have demonstrated the ability to repay the loan with the required level of return on investment (ROI) and within the required time frame.
These areas require that you present a strong case for your proposed financial expectations, grounded firmly in the supporting information of your plan, including marketing, market analysis, business operations, and so forth. Having confidence in your business and in yourself will assist you in demonstrating the potential for your company and in being able to deliver what your investor is looking for. Doing your due diligence and knowing the facts surrounding your business and your market will prove to be of great benefit when selling your business case, both in writing and verbally, to the lender you are seeking funding from.
So, How Do I Create A Business Plan? What Does It All Come Down To?
Although the term “business plan” conjures many negative images in the eyes of some business owners, taking a step-by-step approach will prove that creating a business plan is much less daunting than one might imagine. Although no two plans are exactly the same (the necessary details of the plan can vary between companies), the contents of a typical business plan include the following topics:
- Executive Summary – Sell your business to your reader!
- Business Overview – Giving a general summary of the business.
- Market & Competitive Analysis – What environment are you competing in?
- Marketing & Sales Strategy – How will you “win” in your market?
- Organization Plan – How is your organization structured?
- Financial Projections – Current status and future outlook.
- Funding Sought (if required)
- Key Milestones – What are your specific & achievable goals?
- Critical Risks – What keeps you awake at night?
Does this look like a lot to you? Well, believe me, as you truly delve into the details of the plan and your business, you will be wondering why there isn’t more room for details!
The most important aspect of business planning (the “What does it all come down to?” part), however, is spending the time to do your research (“due diligence”) and critically thinking about these various aspects of your business. Of course, it is impossible to anticipate every detail simply by spending time thinking and writing; it is for this reason that plans are referred to and viewed as “dynamic”. However, the more issues and scenarios you are able to come up with ahead of time, the more prepared you will be to handle these as they arise.
So, in the end, I encourage you to realign whatever preconceived notions you may have of the business planning process and view it not as a daunting task or a necessary evil of running a successful business. Instead, view it as yet another opportunity, the chance to help make your dreams into a reality by mapping out the needs of your business, your customers, your employees, your suppliers, your community…and yourself!